Eventually published in the Public Interest in 1974, the article was entitled “Nothing Works.” “[I]t is possible to give a rather bald summary of our findings,” Martinson concluded. “With few and isolated exceptions, the rehabilitative efforts that have been reported so far have had no appreciable effect on recidivism.” Group therapy, occupational therapy, probation, parole, stamping out license plates — all produced the same result. No matter what was tried, a predictable 65 percent of released prisoners return to crime after they were released. The only strategy that seemed to make any difference was psychotherapy. That increased the rate of recidivism.